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Doodles Google Ufo & Aliens

13th Anniversary of the 4 unit VLT telescope: Antu, Kueyen, Melipal and Yepun 2012
13th Anniversary of the 4 unit VLT telescope: Antu, Kueyen, Melipal and Yepun 2012
Johann Gottfried Galle's 200th Birthday 2012
Johann Gottfried Galle's 200th Birthday 2012
End of the Mayan Calendar 2012
End of the Mayan Calendar 2012
Edmond Halley's 355th Birthday 2011
Edmond Halley's 355th Birthday 2011
 50th Anniversary of the First Man in Space 2011
50th Anniversary of the First Man in Space 2011
Doodle 4 Google 2010
Doodle 4 Google 2010
Hubble Space Telescope's 20th Anniversary 2010
Hubble Space Telescope's 20th Anniversary 2010
Milutin Milankovich's Birthday 2010
Milutin Milankovich's Birthday 2010
Anniversary of Belka and Strelka Space Flight 010
Anniversary of Belka and Strelka Space Flight 010
Asteroid Explorer Hayabusa Returns 2010
Asteroid Explorer Hayabusa Returns 2010
Crop Circles 2009
Crop Circles 2009
Discovery of Water on the Moon 2009
Discovery of Water on the Moon 2009
Giovanni Schiaparelli's Birthday 2009
Giovanni Schiaparelli's Birthday 2009
50th Anniversary of NASA 2008
50th Anniversary of NASA 2008
Yuri Gagarin's Birthday 2007
Yuri Gagarin's Birthday 2007
Sputnik - 50th Anniversary 2007
Sputnik - 50th Anniversary 2007
Percival Lowell's 151st Birthday 2006
Percival Lowell's 151st Birthday 2006
Anniversary of Lunar Landing 2005
Anniversary of Lunar Landing 2005
Spirit Lands on Mars 2004
Spirit Lands on Mars 2004
Transit of Venus 2004
Transit of Venus 2004
Lunar X Prize 2004
Lunar X Prize 2004
Earth Day 2003
Earth Day 2003
Google Aliens 2000
Google Aliens 2000
Google Aliens 2000
Google Aliens 2000
Google Aliens 2000
Google Aliens 2000
Google Aliens 2000
Google Aliens 2000
Google Aliens 2000
Google Aliens 2000

Google Doodles

Loy Krathong 2018 ()
Loy Krathong 2018 Date: November 22, 2018 Location: Thailand Tags:
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Children's Day 2018 (Multiple Countries) ()
Children's Day 2018 (Multiple Countries) Date: November 20, 2018 Location: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Greece, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates Tags:
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Teachers' Day 2018 (Vietnam) ()
Teachers' Day 2018 (Vietnam) Date: November 20, 2018 Location: Vietnam Tags:
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Morocco Independence Day 2018 ()
Morocco Independence Day 2018 Date: November 18, 2018 Morocco's National Day marks the anniversary of the North African nation’s independence from France. King Mohammed V made an official address on November 18, 1956 declaring Morocco to be an independent state. “Today we celebrate the Feast of the Throne that links us to our glorious past and the most brilliant epochs of our civilization,” the King said, evoking “memories of glory, victory, rebirth and liberty.” On this official holiday, also known as also known as Fete de l'Independence or Eid Al Istiqulal, government institutions and banks will close, while most shops, cafes, restaurants bazaars stay open. Preparations for the occasion begin days in advance as the flag seen in today’s Doodle—featuring a five-pointed green star, an ancient symbol on a field of red—is displayed on the streets and buildings of every city and village.  There are parades, food vendors, and a grand reception at the Imperial Palace in Rabat. Many Moroccan people spend the day with family, reflecting on their nation’s history and aspiring to work toward a better future for themselves and their country.  Happy National Day, Morocco!   Location: Morocco Tags: National Holiday, Animation, Animation, National Holiday
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Latvia Independence Day 2018 ()
Latvia Independence Day 2018 Date: November 18, 2018 Today’s Doodle commemorates the 100-year anniversary of the Republic of Latvia, home to ancient amber mines and the widest waterfall in Europe. On this day in 1918, during the aftermath of World War I, the People’s Council of this Eastern European nation declared its independence on the stage of the ornate Latvian National Theater.  November 18 has long been a national holiday, with public and private institutions closed in honor of the occasion as the red and white flag flies proudly. Festivities begin with a ceremonial laying of flowers by heads of state at the Freedom Monument in the capital city of Riga. A parade proceeds to the 11th November embankment, where a volunteer army won the battle for independence on November 11, 1919. The celebration concludes with concerts and fireworks over the River Daugava. In honor of the centenary, Latvians will be wearing colorful mittens in traditional patterns, a time-honored symbol of Latvian culture. Different regions of Latvia have characteristic color combinations and patterns, and distinct methods of knitting and weaving have been passed down for centuries and the cozy hand wear is a popular gift at baptisms and weddings.  Happy Independence Day Latvia!    Location: Latvia Tags: Animation, History, National Holiday
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Oman National Day 2018 ()
Oman National Day 2018 Date: November 18, 2018 Today’s Doodle depicts the white, green and red flag of Oman in honor of National Day, a major public holiday that gives citizens of this sultanate on the Southeastern Coast of the Persian Gulf an opportunity to celebrate their history and culture. After more than a century of Portuguese rule, Omani forces secured the country’s independence in 1650. National Day precedes the November 18 birthday of Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said, the 8th descendant of the founder of the Al Bu Sa'id dynasty. This two-day holiday is one of the most festive times of the year, marked in the capital city of Muscat by parades, fireworks, camel races, and horse shows. The culture of Oman is rich, with over 130 distinct forms of traditional music.  In many city centers musical troupes in traditional garb will play instruments from different regions of Oman, sometimes accompanied by dancing.  Many Omanis spend this extended break from work and school traveling from larger cities to visit friends and family in their home villages to enjoy sweet Omani halwa and coffee as well as a spirit of togetherness and national pride.  Happy National Day, Oman!   Location: Oman Tags:
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Czechia National Day of Freedom 2018 ()
Czechia National Day of Freedom 2018 Date: November 17, 2018 Today Czech citizens remember the student uprising 85 years ago when young people came together to speak out against Nazi occupation. Nearly a century later their bravery inspired the start of the so-called Velvet Revolution as a memorial march in the students’ honor helped bring about the end of Communist dictatorship in Czechoslovakia. Last month the central European country joined with its former federal partner Slovakia to commemorate the 100-year anniversary of Czechoslovakia’s creation.  November 17 is now an official holiday, also known as National Day of Freedom. It’s a great time to reflect on the rich history of this land and the courage shown by its citizens, especially its young people, throughout this century. Happy National Day of Freedom, Czechia!   Location: Czechia Tags:
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Slovakia National Day of Freedom 2018 ()
Slovakia National Day of Freedom 2018 Date: November 17, 2018 Today’s Doodle celebrates Slovakia, a central European nation bordered by the Czech Republic, or Czechia, from whom Slovakia peacefully separated in 1993.  This year Slovakia has much to celebrate. Only last month the independent nation-state commemorated the 100-year anniversary of Czechoslovakia’s creation. Today Slovakian citizens remember the student uprising 85 years ago when young people came together to speak out against Nazi occupation. More than half a century later their bravery inspired the start of the so-called Velvet Revolution as a memorial march in the students’ honor helped bring about the end of Communist dictatorship in Czechoslovakia.  November 17 is now an official holiday, also known as the National Day of Freedom. It’s a great time to reflect on the rich history of Slovakia, from the castles and cathedrals of the Middle Ages to the courage shown by its citizens, especially its young people, throughout this tumultuous century. Happy National Day of Freedom, Slovakia!   Location: Slovakia Tags:
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44th Anniversary of the Arecibo Message ()
44th Anniversary of the Arecibo Message Date: November 16, 2018 Forty-four years ago today, a group of scientists gathered at the Arecibo Observatory amidst the tropical forests of Puerto Rico to attempt humankind’s first communication with intelligent life beyond our own planet. Their three-minute radio message—a series of exactly 1,679 binary digits (a multiple of two prime numbers) which could be arranged in a grid 73 rows by 23 columns—was aimed at a cluster of stars 25,000 light years away from earth. This historic transmission was intended to demonstrate the capabilities of Arecibo’s recently upgraded radio telescope, whose 1000-foot-diameter dish made it the largest and most powerful in the world at the time. "It was strictly a symbolic event, to show that we could do it," said Donald Campbell, Cornell University professor of astronomy, who was a research associate at the Arecibo Observatory at the time. Nevertheless some of those present were moved to tears. The message itself was devised by a team of researchers from Cornell University led by Dr. Frank Drake—the astronomer and astrophysicist responsible for the Drake Equation, a means of estimating the number of planets hosting extraterrestrial life within the Milky Way galaxy. ‘‘What could we do that would be spectacular?’’ Drake recalled thinking. “We could send a message!’’ Written with the assistance of Carl Sagan, the message itself could be arranged in a rectangular grid of 0s and 1s to form a pictograph representing some fundamental facts of mathematics, human DNA, planet earth’s place in the solar system, and a picture of a human-like figure as well as an image of the telescope itself. Since the Arecibo Message will take roughly 25,000 years to reach its intended destination (a group of 300,000 stars in the constellation Hercules known as M13), humankind will have to wait a long time for an answer. How long? In the 44 years since it was first transmitted, the message has traveled only 259 trillion miles, only a tiny fraction of the 146,965,638,531,210,240 or so miles to its final destination. During that same time, our understanding of the cosmos has advanced by leaps and bounds, raising hopes that someone may be out there, listening. The subject of today’s Doodle lends itself to so many possibilities. Earlier concepts experimented with depicting the recipients of the Arecibo Message and their reactions.         Doodler, Gerben Steenks.   Location: Global Tags:
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Doodle 4 Google 2018 - India Winner ()
Doodle 4 Google 2018 - India Winner Date: November 14, 2018 The winner of the 2018 Doodle 4 Google competition in India is Pingla Rahul More of J. B. Vachha High School in Mumbai. Pingla and 75000+ other contestants from around the country produced amazing works in response to this year’s theme of “What inspires me?”.   Pingla Rahul won among the five very talented age group finalists with her Doodle "Galaxy, Space Exploration”. She writes --   “In my Doodle, I demonstrated what inspires me. I am extremely inspired by Space Exploration as there is still so much more to know about our Universe -- from planets to stars to galaxies and beyond. It is inspiring to learn how small we are, and how small our problems are, in the grand scheme of things. To convey my idea, I drew myself trying to see the expanse of the space through a telescope, I created galaxies, planets and spacecraft to represent the vastness of things in space. (carefully arranged to represent each letter in the Google logo).” Our judges, including creative mastermind Arun Iyer, famous artist and YouTube Kids Creator, Rob (Harun Robert), India’s leading YouTube Creator Sejal Kumar and the Google Doodles team lead, Ryan Germick helped decide the winner along with 300,000 votes from the public .   In addition to Pingla Rahul, we also have four group winners --   Class 1 to 2: Name: Shaikh Mohd Rufael Rizwan Doodle Title: 3 Wise Monkey School Name: Mes.Crescent English High School, Thane   Class 3 to 4: Name: Aarohi Dixit Doodle Title: Farmers School Name: Dolphins International School, Pune   Class 5 to 6: Name: Daniya Kulsum Doodle Title: My Desk, My Inspiration School Name: Sri Prakash Vidyaniketan, Vishakapatnam   Class 9 to 10: Name: Dhwanit P Nagar Doodle Title: Animals Inspires Me School Name: Swami Vivekanand International School, Mumbai   A huge thank you to everyone who took part in this year’s Doodle 4 Google competition, and congratulations to all age group finalists, age group winners, and the national winner, Pingla Rahul More!   By Sapna Chadha, Director of Marketing, Southeast Asia & India   Location: India Tags:
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Alexander Borodin’s 185th Birthday ()
Alexander Borodin’s 185th Birthday Date: November 12, 2018 The son of a Georgian prince, Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin was a sickly child who went on to create a powerful legacy in two different fields. Today’s Doodle celebrates the boy who grew up to become both a distinguished chemist and one of Russia’s greatest classical composers. Born in St. Petersburg on this day in 1833, Borodin showed an early aptitude for science, languages, and music. While mastering German, French, and English, he began studying flute at age eight and later learned the violin and violoncello. By the age of 13 he’d already composed a piece for flute and piano — nevertheless, he considered music to be a hobby while his main focus was in the field of science. At 17, Borodin began his studies at St Petersburg’s Medico-Surgical Academy, delving into botany, zoology, anatomy, and crystallography—but he soon specialized in organic chemistry, earning his doctorate in 1858. He went on to become a professor at his alma mater, conducting research on benzene derivatives and organic synthesis, and the discovery of the aldol reaction. He’s also remembered as a champion of women’s rights, having founded the Women’s Medical School in St. Petersburg, where he taught for many years. Still, the music kept calling him. In the 1860s he met Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev, a pianist and composer who would become his musical mentor. Borodin soon made him part of a group known as “The Five” (aka “The Mighty Handful”) whose goal was to develop a distinctly Russian style of classical music. Borodin’s incorporation of traditional folk music, and his striking use of harmony in works like “The Steppes of Central Asia,” made him a leading figure of the Romantic era. Championed by such fellow composers as Liszt, Debussy, and Ravel, Borodin’s work has had a lasting influence on classical music. His unforgettable melodies were adapted for Kismet, the Tony-Award-winning musical that went from Broadway to Hollywood with songs like “Stranger in Paradise.” с Днем рожденья Alexander Borodin! Location: Russia Tags:
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Hind Rostom’s 87th Birthday ()
Hind Rostom’s 87th Birthday Date: November 12, 2018 Hailed as “The First Lady of Egyptian Cinema,” Hind Rostom starred in over 80 films, first as a non-speaking extra in 1949 and breaking through in 1955 with a standout performance in Hassan Al-Imam’s Banat el Lail (Women of the Night). Throughout her career she portrayed strong, outspoken female characters alongside legendary actors like Farid Shawqi and Omar Sharif, defying stereotypical gender norms. Born in Alexandria on this day in 1929 to a Turkish father and an Egyptian mother, Hind Rostom (formerly Nariman Hussein Murad)  played the lead role in seventeen films in just two years—always portraying witty and independent-minded women. But it was her role as an irrepressible lemonade vendor in Youssef Chahine’s 1958 Bab al-Hadid (Cairo Station) that gave humanity to people at the margins of society and cemented her reputation as a great actor. Her work on the big screen won her numerous awards including a special mention at the 1957 Venice Film Festival, Best Actress in 1975 from the Association of Egyptian Cinema Writers and Critics, and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Arab World Institute in Paris. Rostom retired in 1979 while still at the peak of her creative powers, and refused all attempts to coax her back into the spotlight. She was even offered the opportunity to adapt her life story into a dramatic series. “My life is not for sale,” she said. Her work, however, lives on. Happy Birthday, Hind Rostom! Doodle by Sophie Diao Location: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates Tags: Birthday, Pop Culture
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Father's Day 2018 (Indonesia) ()
Father's Day 2018 (Indonesia) Date: November 12, 2018 Location: Indonesia Tags:
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Veterans Day 2018 ()
Veterans Day 2018 Date: November 12, 2018 Go behind-the-scenes of today’s Doodle below. Today’s interactive, animated Doodle for US Veterans Day honors the brave individuals who have served our country by inviting us all to listen to their stories. Created in partnership with StoryCorps, Google’s internal employee veteran network (VetNet), and animation studio Foreign Fauna, the Doodle features five veterans’ voices – one from each branch of the military – each sharing a real story from their service. Aside from covering experiences from a range of time periods in our nation’s history, the stories also touch on a spectrum of veteran experiences and emotions such as friendship, loss, hardship, hope, and love. Today’s Doodle is also part of our larger #VeteransVoices initiative, a collaboration between StoryCorps (whose mission is to collect and preserve humanity’s stories), Google, and YouTube. #VeteransVoices encourages us all to honor veterans and their sacrifices by listening to their stories. When you download the StoryCorps app, you can interview a veteran in your life to archive their oral history in the Library of Congress. You can also find or share Veteran stories on YouTube or other social channels using #VeteransVoices.   If you or someone you know is a veteran in crisis, please reach out to the Veterans Crisis Line here or call 1-800-273-8255 & press 1.  The Veterans Crisis Line is a free, confidential resource that’s available to anyone, even if you’re not registered with VA or enrolled in VA health care. The caring, qualified responders at the Veterans Crisis Line are specially trained and experienced in helping veterans of all ages and circumstances.   Huge thanks to all of our project partners, many of whom are veterans themselves or are individuals deeply connected to the veteran community. These partners include: StoryCorps Thank you to our partners at StoryCorps for working with us to discover & identify these amazing stories, for connecting us to such incredible veterans, and for their dedicated collaboration on the wider #VeteransVoices initiative. Doodle Story Participants Thank you to all of our Doodle story participants for your service, your sacrifices, and your willingness to share your story with the nation. Foreign Fauna Thank you to our guest animators Alicia & Emory Allen, both of whom have parents who served their entire careers in the military, for bringing amazing creative talent and thoughtfulness to every frame. Google Veterans Network (VetNet) Thank you to VetNet, Google’s internal Employee Resource Group (ERG) for military veterans, service members, friends, and family for their support on this project. Specifically, VetNet leads Nick Ralston and James Durago have worked closely with the Doodle team as primary consultants on all content and art for the Doodle. Special thanks to Nick who also serves as our narrator for the Doodle’s introductory message! A little more about James and Nick  in their own words: My name is James Durago, and I joined the Army in 2003 as a senior year in high school and to this day, it's still one of the proudest decisions I've ever made. In the course of my six year service, I had the absolute pleasure of meeting hundreds of the most selfless, brave, and passionate people I've ever met, many of whom I'm lucky to still call “friends” today. My name is Nick Ralston, I graduated from the US Naval Academy and was commissioned as a Marine Corps officer in 2005. I was inspired to become a communications officer by one of my heroes and rugby coaches, LtCol Kevin Shea, who was killed near Fallujah in 2004. I served with helicopter squadrons, a force reconnaissance company, and did a tour on recruiting duty. I transitioned to the reserves in 2012 and finished up my service in 2018. I had the time of my life in the company of these incredible warriors and friends and I always look forward to the times when our paths cross. Leading Marines will be one of the most important and fun things I will ever do. When the Doodle team reached out to us to consult on this project, we felt honored and humbled. We also felt really proud to be Googlers because we're using the world's biggest stage to give veteran voices an opportunity to be heard and for people to feel connected with us through our stories. We hope that through taking the time to watch the Doodle stories or even through engaging in conversations with veterans on their own, people across the nation will walk away with a sense of unity, as we believe our stories have the power to bring us all together. #VeteransVoices behind-the-scenes moments Filming with MaCherie Filming with Roy, Keith, & their spouses Sheronee & Lesli Filming with Alicia & Emory from Foreign Fauna Filming with Erich, project Art Director Filming with Google VetNet creative consultants Nick & James     #VeteransVoices Doodle Team Doodle Team Art Director | Erich Nagler Animation | Foreign Fauna Art Support | Pedro Vergani, Gerben Steenks, Mattias Breitholtz, Rob Gilliam Marketing & Partnerships Lead | Perla Campos Engineering Lead | Jordan Thompson Engineering Support | Rebecca Thomas, Brian Murray, Jacob Howcroft UX | Diana Tran, Vishnu Ganti Producer | Colin Duffy Business Affairs Lead |  Madeline Belliveau Music Support | Nick Zammuto Writing Support | Juliana Appenrodt Doodle Team Leads | Ryan Germick, Jessica Yu, Brian Kaas Marketing Support | Carlos Diaz Doodle Intro Voice Over | Nick Ralston Google Veterans Network Creative Consultants | James Durago, Nick Ralston Behind-the-scenes Production & Licensing Partners | Mass Appeal   StoryCorps Team Founder & President | Dave Isay CEO | Robin Sparkman Project & Marketing Lead | Colleen J. Ross Digital Lead | Dean Haddock Production Lead | Katie Brook Producers | Andres Caballero, Michael Garofalo, Kerrie Hillman, Katie Simon, Aisha Turner, Mia Warren Facilitators | Geraldine Ah-Sue, Natalia Fidelholtz, Dana Glass, Daniel Sitts, Afi Yellow-Duke Writers | Andrew Goldberg, Sylvie Lubow Military Voices Initiative Team | Lisa Van Gale, Darwensi Clark, Jill Glaser, Hazel Diaz Digital Team | Colene McFarlane, Francesco Bordone, Marissa Furman Web & Engineering Support | Chris Wallace, Jay Moore, David Chandra, Hayley Belanger at 10Up Operations | Kathrina Proscia, Sharyanne McSwain, Lisa Kim, Alissa Pelc PR | Blake Zidell & Associates, JavelinDC Location: Puerto Rico, Samoa, U.S. Virgin Islands, United States Tags:
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Poland Independence Day 2018 ()
Poland Independence Day 2018 Date: November 11, 2018 Today’s Doodle, created by Warsaw-based illustrator Jan Bajtlik, celebrates Poland as the country commemorates the 100th anniversary of regaining its independence. From the bustling capital city of Warsaw to other towns and villages, celebrations will include marches, parades and concerts among other events, with Polish white-and-red flags proudly displayed on all buildings. The presidential palace will be illuminated in the national colors, and at noon on the big day Poles across the country to join in singing the national anthem. The National Bank of Poland has even issued special five-zloty coins in an edition of 38,424,000 — one for every Polish citizen. National Day is a break from work for Poles, who take the opportunity to celebrate their country’s culture, proudly displaying the red and white national colors, and enjoying time with friends and family. Happy National Day Poland! Location: Poland Tags:
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Christy Essien Igbokwe’s 58th Birthday ()
Christy Essien Igbokwe’s 58th Birthday Date: November 11, 2018 Born in Akwa Ibom state on this day in 1960, Christy Essien-Igbokwe was an actress and singer known as “Nigeria’s Lady of Songs.” Fluent in her native language of Ibibo,  Essien-Igbokwe also spoke and sang in English, Yoruba, and Igbo giving her music a broad appeal across cultural and tribal lines. Among her many popular releases, the inspirational record “Seun Rere” became a rallying cry within Nigeria. “My childhood was very challenging,” she once recalled. “I used to have a brother who was a soldier then. He was always on transfer owing to the nature of his job.”  Orphaned at an early age, Essien-Igbokwe’s love of music inspired her to persevere. “I didn’t know I could sing until I found myself doing so,” the great artist recalled of her experience being caught up in the spirit of music. “I was like an abandoned child, my condition made me discover myself.” From humble beginnings to singing in clubs, she landed an appearance on a televised talent show, which led to a role on the popular TV show The New Masquerade.  Essien-Igbokwe released her first record, Freedom, at age 17 and never looked back. Her 1981 album Ever Liked My Person became a smash hit. In 1987 the  Akwa-Ibom artist recorded a song, “Akwa Ibom Mmi,” which became an anthem of pride for those sharing her heritage. Using her fame to highlight social issues, she appeared in the Hollywood films Flesh and Blood and Scars of Womanhood, which addressed the abuse of women and children. In 1981  Essien-Igbokwe helped establish the Performing Musicians Association of Nigeria with renowned artists King Sunny Adé and Sonny Okosun, becoming the organization’s first female president in 1996. She was also a staunch supporter and advocate for the Performing and Mechanical Rights Society, often donating her own royalties to health and education programs benefiting women and children as well as the handicapped. Using the same music that uplifted her to uplift her people,  Essien-Igbokwe would go on to perform at 2009’s Inspire Africa Benefit Concert and received many awards in her lifetime in recognition of her contributions as an artist and humanitarian.   Happy Birthday, Christy Essien-Igbokwe! Location: Nigeria Tags: Birthday, Music
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Miriam Tlali’s 85th Birthday ()
Miriam Tlali’s 85th Birthday Date: November 11, 2018 Born in Doornfontein, Johannesburg on this day in 1933, Miriam Tlali was raised in Sophiatown, a black cultural hub that was demolished by the South African government in the 1950s, forcing residents to relocate to Soweto. Tlali was inspired to write by her experiences as a black woman in South Africa during the apartheid regime. She was also encouraged by the example of her father’s family, who owned a printing press in Lesotho and published a newspaper for many years. Tlali was a gifted student but struggled to afford her education. Finding work as a bookkeeper and typist in a furniture store, she drew on her experiences to write the novel Muriel at Metropolitan, published in 1975. Although she was unhappy with the title (she intended her book to be called Between Two Worlds)and with the fact that her publisher deleted several chapters from her manuscript, the novel made history as Tlali became the first black South African woman to publish a novel. Despite the fact that her first book was banned in South Africa, Tlali returned in 1980 with Amandla, which focused on a young activist named Pholoso, inspired by the example of Steve Biko to rally a youth movement against the racial divisions of the apartheid regime.  Courageously speaking out against injustice made her a target of government-backed forces that harassed and arrested Tlali in an attempt to intimidate her. She would sometimes bury her manuscripts underground to avoid having them confiscated, but she never backed down. Tlali helped establish Skotaville Press, which published her 1984 collection of stories and essays Mihotli. She was also co-founder of Staffrider, a black literary journal for which she wrote the column “Soweto Speaking.” Life in the black township was an ongoing interest for Tlali, who published a collection of short stories called Footprints in the Quag: Stories and Dialogues from Soweto in 1989, when she also worked as a visiting scholar at Yale University’s Southern African Research Program. By the early 1990s apartheid legislation was repealed and South Africa had its first multiracial democratic elections in 1994. In 1995 Tlali was honoured by the South African government's Department of Arts, Culture, Science and Technology with a Literary Lifetime Achievement Award, and received the Order of Ikhamanga from the President of South Africa in 2008. Happy Birthday, Miriam Tlali Location: South Africa Tags:
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Father's Day 2018 (Estonia, Norway) ()
Father's Day 2018 (Estonia, Norway) Date: November 11, 2018 Location: Estonia, Norway Tags:
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Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu’s 131st Birthday ()
Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu’s 131st Birthday Date: November 10, 2018 “The future of women in engineering is great,” declared a 1912 edition of Romania’s daily newspaper Minerva, reporting the news that “Miss Elisa Leonida passed the last final exam with great success, obtaining a Diploma in Engineering.” On this day in 1887, Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu was born in the Romanian port city of Galați. After graduating with high marks from the Central School of Girls in Bucharest, she earned a baccalaureate from Mihai Viteazul High School. But when she applied to the School of Highways and Bridges, she was rejected because of her gender. Undeterred, she applied to the Royal Technical Academy in Berlin, where one of the deans said she would be better off focusing on “Kirche, kinder, and kuche” (Church, children, and cooking). She persisted in earning her degree in three years to become one of the first woman engineer in Europe. Becoming the first female member of A.G.I.R. (General Association of Romanian Engineers), eventually running laboratories for the Geological Institute of Romania. Zamfirescu oversaw numerous Economic Studies analyzing Romania’s supply of natural resources like coal, shale, natural gas, chromium, bauxite and copper. She was known for paying special attention to the training of staff and spending long hours mentoring young chemists. The mother of two daughters, she also taught physics and chemistry at the Pitar Moş School of Girls as well as at the School of Electricians and Mechanics in Bucharest. In 1993, her legacy was commemorated in Romania’s capital city by naming a street in her honor. Happy Birthday, Elisa Leonida Zamfirescu! Location: Global Tags:
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Celebrating Amanda Crowe ()
Celebrating Amanda Crowe Date: November 9, 2018 Go behind-the-scenes of today’s Doodle below! Historical images in the video provided courtesy of Qualla Arts & Crafts Mutual and Museum of the Cherokee Indian. In honor of Native American Heritage Month, today’s video Doodle celebrates Eastern Band Cherokee Indian woodcarver and educator Amanda Crowe, a prolific artist renowned for her expressive animal figures. Led by Doodler Lydia Nichols, the Doodle was created in collaboration with the Qualla Arts & Crafts Mutual as well as William “Bill” H. Crowe, Jr., woodcarver and nephew and former student of Amanda Crowe. Aside from highlighting Crowe’s own words and passion for her craft, the Doodle features high resolution imagery of Amanda’s true works housed in her homeland at Qualla Arts & Crafts Mutual, the nation’s oldest American Indian cooperative. The music is also an original composition by her nephew, Bill. Born in 1928, Crowe was raised within the Qualla Boundary in North Carolina, which is territory owned by the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Her artistic talent emerged early, as she began drawing and carving around the age of four. Although Crowe said she was “barely old enough to handle a knife,” she was determined to express herself. Studying with her uncle Goingback Chiltoskey, a well-known woodcarver in his own right, Crowe honed her skills, carrying her tools to school to pursue her passion for creativity and even selling her carvings as a child. In 1946, Crowe earned a scholarship to study at the Art Institute of Chicago, expanding her vision through exposure to the world-renowned museum’s permanent collection of sculpture. She learned to work with plaster, stone, and metal, but always came back to wood as her preferred medium. “The grain challenges me to create objects in three dimensions,” she explained. “A mistake or flaw in the wood will improve your design. To me, a knot can be the best part.” After earning her Master of Fine Arts degree, Crowe studied in Mexico with the renowned sculptor José de Creeft before returning to her homeland in the Qualla Boundary. There, she established a studio in the Paint Town community and began teaching art classes at Cherokee High School, where she would teach over 2000 students over the course of 40 years. As many prominent American Indian artists studied under Crowe, her tutelage has been credited with fostering a resurgence of Cherokee carving. Crowe’s work can has been showcased in the High Museum in Atlanta and the Mint Museum in Charlotte in addition to private collections all over the world. Learn more about how the Google American Indian Network is celebrating Native American Heritage Month here. Amanda Crowe Doodle Team Art Lead | Lydia Nichols Animation Support | Helene Leroux Producer | Colin Duffy Marketing, Partnerships, & Licensing | Perla Campos, Madeline Belliveau, Carlos Diaz Music | William “Bill” H. Crowe, Jr. Consultants | Google American Indian Network Doodle Team Lead | Jessica Yu, Brian Kaas Music Support | Silas Hite   Special thanks to our partners Qualla Arts & Crafts Mutual William “Bill” H. Crowe, Jr. Location: United States Tags:
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